How Many Pots Can You Fill with a Bag of Soil?

containers filled with lettuce, herbs, and flowers

When gardening in containers, you’ll want to fill each pot with premium quality potting soil. Look at the sizes of your containers to determine the size of the bag(s) you’ll need to buy.

For example, a 20-quart bag fills two 12-inch standard clay pots, or you can fill one 14-inch basket and still have enough to fill half of another 14-inch basket. To follow this example, find the pot sizes in the column on the left, and then follow the line to the right to the shaded boxes.


Pot type & size Approximate soil volume of pot*(dry quarts*) 10-qt bag 20-qt bag 32-qt bag 40-qt bag 64-qt bag
8 ¼ inch 3.6 3 9 11 18
10 ¼ inch 6.9 3 6 9
12 inch 10.7 1 2 3 4 6
14 inch 15.3 ½ 2
STRAWBERRY JAR 5 gallon 14 ¾ 3
10 inch 5.5 2 7 11½
12 inch 7.9 4 5 8
14 inch 13.9 ¾ 3
8 inch 1.9 5 10½ 17 21 34
10 inch 3.7 11 17
12 inch 5.5 11½
14 inch 8.4
16 inch 12.0 ¾ ¾
18 inch 18.8 ½ 1 2
21 ¾ inch 31.2 ¼ ½ 1 2
12 inch 3.8 10½ 16¾
16 inch 7.3
20 inch 9.4 1 2
12 inch 11.2 1 ¾
15 inch 23.0 ½ 1
24 inch 11.7 1
30 inch 15.6 ½ 2 4
36 inch 19.7 ½ 1 2 3¼ 



This isn’t perfect, but it beats a wild guess.

It’s important to note that these figures are approximate. Here’s why:

There are very few standards regarding container sizes and volumes. To make it even more confusing, containers that do list volume typically measure using liquid quarts. Of course, potting soil is not a liquid, so the bags contain dry quarts, each of which equals about 1 1/8 liquid quarts. Nor do these figures account for any packing down of the soil (the taller the container, the greater the compression). Compression can cause you to need 15% to 20% more soil. On the flip side, the soil that comes with your plants (around the roots) will add volume. In any case, it never hurts to have a little extra potting soil on hand.

It’s a good idea to take notes about how much soil you use in your own pots, if you have containers that you use over and over again.

Store leftover soil in a dry place, perhaps in a clean plastic tub or garbage can, until the next time you need it.

Adapted from soil volume tables from Conrad Fafard, Inc., makers of commercial and home garden potting mixes.



I am sot of a first time gardener, and I want to start in pots, what KIND of soil should I use??

Danielle Carroll

Great question Grace!
Soil is often forgot about…and plants do start at the roots. A good potting mix is nice and fluffy, not heavy like a garden soil. Good potting mixes usually contain ingredients such as spagnum peat moss, vermicultite, perlite, or aged pine bark. You can read all about good potting mixes here. There are a lot of good brands available in store garden centers.

Jane Morgan

Not helpful. Bonnie potting mix comes in a 9cu.ft.bag. How does that translate into the quarts you show on your chart? When starting seeds, the pots are much smaller than the 8″ listed on this char.

Mary Beth

Hi Jane,
Are you using our Bonnie Plants soil that comes in a large bale? That is for our own growers and not usually available to the public. As we sell vegetable and herb plants — not seeds– we don’t have articles in this site on starting seed. All tips and advice are for using our 4- and 6-pack plants or those in 5″ biodegradable pots or larger. So, these container sizes are for plants that have had a healthy head start. ~Mary Beth, Bonnie Plants

Gerry York

Web page not useful to me, as I was looking for
the volume of 4″ , 5″, and 1 gal black nursery containers.

Mary Beth

Hi Gerry,
Let’s see if we can help you. It sounds like we provide the reverse information of what you seek, though many gardeners want to know how far one bag of soil will “go.” If you are looking for the volume of a 4″ pot, it honestly depends on the pot you have. Oddly, one gallon pots aren’t always one gallon in volume, and 4″ pots can be tall or short but 4″ across. This site, for instance, is one that I found during a quick search that shows you a trade gallon (3 quarts) vs a full gallon. Hope that helps you along your search. ~Mary Beth, Bonnie Plants

noreen fellows

Every year I try to grow tomatoes in clay pots. I put new bags of soil in them every year, can I reuse this soil and put some type of nutrient in the soil? If so what type of nutrient.

Mary Beth

Hi Noreen,
It’s smart to use new bags of soil each season for containers. We do not recommend reusing this soil. You were on the right track! Tomatoes in clay pots also need a watchful eye for watering (don’t let the pots dry out) and they love liquid feed, like our natural plant food. Let us know how it grows! ~Mary Beth, Bonnie Plants

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