Light requirements: Full sun for best yields, but plants produce in part shade.
Planting: Space 12 to 18 inches apart.
Soil requirements: Edamame tolerates all kinds of soil, including clay. Plants produce heaviest in compost-enriched soil.
Water requirement: Keep soil consistently moist throughout the growing season.
Frost-fighting plan: Even a light frost damages plants. Don’t set plants out until soil temperature is consistently above 55ºF. If late spring frost threatens, protect plants with a frost blanket.
Common issues: Keep an eye out for aphids. Protect plants from deer, rabbits, and groundhogs. High temperatures do not affect blossoms.
Harvesting: Harvest pods after they swell. For best flavor, wait for the first yellow leaves to appear (on any edamame plant, not all of them). All the pods on a plant ripen at once, so you can cut the whole plant and then remove pods. Or, hand-pick individual pods from plants.
Storage: Refrigerate washed pods in a plastic bag. Beans typically store up to 7 days. For long-term storage, blanch pods for two to three minutes and freeze in zip-lock plastic freezer bags.
For more information, visit the Edamame page in our How to Grow section.
- Calories: 189
- Carbohydrates: 15g
- Dietary fiber: 8g
- Protein: 17g
- Vitamin C: 20%
- Vitamin K: 25%
- Calcium: 10%
- Iron: 19%
- Magnesium: 25%
- Phosphorus: 26%
- Potassium: 19%
- Zinc: 14%
- Folate: 120%
Edamame is extremely nutritious, with a single cup providing about a third of both the protein and the fiber required by the average adult each day. One serving of these beans also has high percentages of the minerals magnesium (required for proper nerve and muscle function, among other things), phosphorus (crucial for healthy bones, teeth, nerves, and muscles), and potassium (needed for organs to function properly). Plus, a cup of edamame contains a whole day?s worth of folate, an key B-vitamin that’s especially important for women in their child-bearing years.