How Many Pots Can You Fill with a Bag of Soil?

How many pots in your container garden can you fill with a bag of potting soil? Find the answer here.

Clay containers are a traditional choice. Look for frost proof clay if you plant to keep pots out during the winter.

When gardening in containers, you'll want to fill each pot with premium quality potting soil, such as Miracle-Gro® Potting Mix, to provide roots with the very best environment for growing. Look at the sizes of your containers to determine the size of the bag(s) you'll need to buy.For example, a 20-quart bag fills two 12-inch standard clay pots, or you can fill one 14-inch basket and still have enough to fill half of another 14-inch basket. To follow this example, find the pot sizes in the column on the left, and then follow the line to the right to the shaded boxes.

Size of Bag and Approximate Number of Pots It Fills

Pot type & size Approximate soil volume of pot*(dry quarts*) 10-qt bag 20-qt bag 32-qt bag 40-qt bag 64-qt bag
8 ¼ inch 3.6 3 9 11 18
10 ¼ inch 6.9 3 6 9
12 inch 10.7 1 2 3 4 6
14 inch 15.3 ½ 2
5 gallon 14 ¾ 3
10 inch 5.5 2 7 11½
12 inch 7.9 4 5 8
14 inch 13.9 ¾ 3
8 inch 1.9 5 10½ 17 21 34
10 inch 3.7 11 17
12 inch 5.5 11½
14 inch 8.4
16 inch 12.0 ¾ ¾
18 inch 18.8 ½ 1 2
21 ¾ inch 31.2 ¼ ½ 1 2
12 inch 3.8 10½ 16¾
16 inch 7.3
20 inch 9.4 1 2
12 inch 11.2 1 ¾
15 inch 23.0 ½ 1
24 inch 11.7 1
30 inch 15.6 ½ 2 4
36 inch 19.7 ½ 1 2

This isn't perfect, but it beats a wild guess.

It's important to note that these figures are approximate. Here's why:

There are very few standards regarding container sizes and volumes. To make it even more confusing, containers that do list volume typically measure using liquid quarts. Of course, potting soil is not a liquid, so the bags contain dry quarts, each of which equals about 1 1/8 liquid quarts. Nor do these figures account for any packing down of the soil (the taller the container, the greater the compression). Compression can cause you to need 15% to 20% more soil. On the flip side, the soil that comes with your plants (around the roots) will add volume. In any case, it never hurts to have a little extra potting soil on hand.

It's a good idea to take notes about how much soil you use in your own pots, if you have containers that you use over and over again.

Store leftover soil in a dry place, perhaps in a clean plastic tub or garbage can, until the next time you need it.

Adapted from soil volume tables from Conrad Fafard, Inc., makers of commercial and home garden potting mixes.

Clay containers are a traditional choice. Look for frost proof clay if you plant to keep pots out during the winter.
Classic clay comes in many finishes and degrees of porosity. Because many clay pots are subject to freezing, you should either refrain from using them in winter or buy those labeled frost proof.
containers filled with lettuce, herbs, and flowers